Litigation in Egypt

Litigation in Egypt

Litigation in Egypt: An Overview of Civil and Commercial Litigation Proceedings under the Egyptian Legislative System and the Role of Civil Attorneys therein



Litigation is an essential aspect of the legal system in Egypt, serving as a means of resolving civil and commercial disputes. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of litigation in Egypt, including class action lawsuits, civil attorneys, litigation practices, and more.


Litigation Process in Egypt


Litigation is the process of resolving legal disputes through the court system. In Egypt, civil and commercial litigation follows a structured procedure. Parties involved in a dispute can file lawsuits to seek legal remedies or defend their rights. The litigation process typically involves the following stages:

Pre-Litigation: Prior to filing a lawsuit, parties may engage in pre-litigation activities, such as negotiations, alternative dispute resolution methods, or demand letters, to settle the dispute without court intervention.

Filing a Lawsuit: The plaintiff initiates the litigation process by filing a lawsuit with the competent court, outlining the claims and providing supporting evidence.

Litigation Commencement: Once a lawsuit is filed, the court reviews the claim and serves the defendant with a summons, providing notice of the lawsuit and court appearance requirements.

Trial and Discovery: Excepting the litigation before the Economic Courts and State Council, the litigation proceedings in Egypt do not include trial preparation, where parties exchange information through the discovery process, including document requests, interrogatories, and depositions. The civil and commercial litigation proceedings instead include parties’ right to postpone the case to a subsequent hearing for reviewing the counterparty’s supportive documents and/or defense.

Court Hearings: Parties present their case through legal arguments, witness testimonies, and presentation of evidence during court hearings. The court then evaluates the evidence and legal arguments presented to render a decision.

Appeals: If dissatisfied with the court’s decision, parties have the right to appeal to a higher court for reconsideration of the case.


Class Action Lawsuits in Egypt


Class action lawsuits, known as collective lawsuits in Egypt, enable a group of individuals with similar claims to file a single lawsuit against a common defendant. This mechanism allows for efficient resolution of disputes involving a large number of plaintiffs. While class actions are recognized in Egypt, they are subject to specific requirements and procedural rules defined by the law.


Class Action Settlements and Claims


In the event of a successful class action lawsuit, a class action settlement may be reached. A class action settlement involves an agreement between the plaintiffs and defendants to resolve the claims outside of court. Settlements may include compensation, corrective actions, or other remedies. Class members are entitled to submit their claims and receive their share of the settlement in accordance with the court-approved distribution plan.


Role of Civil Attorneys in Litigation


Civil attorneys play a crucial role in representing parties involved in civil and commercial litigation. They provide legal advice, prepare and file lawsuits, gather evidence, negotiate settlements, and advocate for their clients’ interests during court proceedings.

Here is a breakdown of the role of civil attorneys in litigation:

Legal Advice: Civil attorneys analyze the facts of a case and provide their clients with legal advice regarding the strengths and weaknesses of their claims or defenses. They help clients understand their rights and obligations under the law.

Case Assessment: Civil attorneys evaluate the merits of a case by conducting thorough research, reviewing relevant laws and regulations, and assessing the available evidence. Based on their analysis, they advise clients on the likelihood of success and potential legal strategies.

Document Preparation: Civil attorneys are responsible for drafting legal documents, including complaints, answers, motions, and other pleadings necessary for the litigation process. These documents must accurately present the client’s claims or defenses and comply with the applicable legal standards.

Evidence Gathering: Civil attorneys assist clients in gathering evidence to support their claims or defenses. They may conduct interviews, review documents, and consult experts.

Negotiations: Civil attorneys engage in settlement negotiations on behalf of their clients. They aim to reach a favorable resolution that meets their client’s objectives without the need for protracted litigation. Skilled negotiators can often achieve settlements that save time, costs, and potential risks associated with trial.

Court Representation: In court, civil attorneys present their client’s case through legal arguments, witness examinations, and the presentation of evidence. They advocate for their client’s interests, challenge opposing arguments, and respond to the court’s inquiries.


Litigation Practice Groups and Law Firms


Many law firms establish specialized litigation practice groups to handle civil and commercial disputes. These practice groups comprise attorneys with expertise in various areas of litigation, including class actions, real estate litigation, commercial disputes, and more.

Clients seeking representation in litigation matters, instead of exerting more efforts to reach experienced litigation attorneys, they usually conduct online search for a “litigation practice group near me.”, a “civil attorney near me” or “consult local bar associations for referrals”.  Finding a reliable civil attorney can be crucial to effectively navigate litigation. Here are some steps to help you find a reputable civil attorney:

Referrals: Seek recommendations from trusted sources such as friends, family members, or colleagues who have had positive experiences with civil attorneys. They can provide valuable insights and suggestions based on their personal experiences.

Online Directories: Utilize online directories that list attorneys and their areas of practice. Websites such as Avvo, Martindale-Hubbell, and FindLaw allow you to search for civil attorneys based on location, practice area, and client reviews.

Initial Consultations: Schedule initial consultations with potential civil attorneys to discuss your case and evaluate their expertise, experience, and communication style. This meeting will help you assess their suitability for your specific needs.

Research and Reviews: Conduct online research to gather more information about the attorneys you are considering. Read client reviews, testimonials, and any published articles or case results to gauge their reputation and track record.

Credentials and Experience: Consider the attorney’s educational background, professional affiliations, and years of experience in civil litigation. Look for attorneys who have successfully handled cases similar to yours.

It is worth to mention that it is essential to choose an attorney who not only possesses the necessary legal skills and knowledge but also communicates effectively, understands your objectives, and works diligently to protect your interests throughout the litigation process.


In detail, evaluating an attorney’s communication style during an initial consultation is crucial to determine if they are a good fit for your needs. Here are some key factors to consider when assessing an attorney’s communication style:

Active Listening: Pay attention to how well the attorney listens to your concerns, questions, and objectives. An attentive attorney will show genuine interest in understanding your situation and will ask relevant follow-up questions to gather more information.

Clear and Concise Explanation: A good attorney should be able to explain complex legal concepts in a clear and understandable manner. They should avoid excessive legal jargon and use plain language to ensure you grasp the information being conveyed.


Responsiveness: Observe how promptly the attorney responds to your inquiries or requests for information. A reliable attorney should demonstrate responsiveness and timely communication, as this is crucial for effective representation.


Empathy and Understanding: Assess whether the attorney demonstrates empathy and understanding towards your situation. A compassionate attorney who acknowledges your concerns and shows empathy can help build a strong attorney-client relationship.


Transparency and Honesty: An attorney should provide you with a realistic assessment of your case, including the strengths, weaknesses, and potential risks involved. They should be honest about the potential outcomes and discuss the available legal strategies.


Availability and Accessibility: Consider whether the attorney is accessible and available to address your questions or concerns throughout the litigation process. It is essential to have an attorney who will keep you informed and provide updates on the progress of your case.


Professional Demeanor: Evaluate the attorney’s professionalism during the consultation. Look for qualities such as confidence, respect, and a professional appearance. Professionalism is indicative of an attorney who takes their work seriously and will represent you diligently.


Compatibility and Rapport: Assess how comfortable you feel communicating with the attorney. Building a good rapport and feeling at ease with your attorney is essential for effective collaboration and a positive attorney-client relationship.

During the initial consultation, take the opportunity to ask questions about the attorney’s approach to communication, their preferred methods of contact, and how they typically keep clients informed about their case’s progress. This will give you a better understanding of how they will communicate with you throughout the litigation process.

Remember, the initial consultation is not only an opportunity for the attorney to evaluate your case but also for you to evaluate the attorney. Trust your instincts and choose an attorney whose communication style aligns with your preferences and makes you feel confident in their abilities to represent your interests effectively.




Litigation is a fundamental tool for resolving civil and commercial disputes in Egypt. Whether through class action lawsuits, civil attorneys, or specialized litigation practices, parties can seek justice and protect their rights. Familiarity with the litigation process, and legal representation, can significantly impact the outcome of a dispute. It is crucial for individuals and businesses to understand their rights and obligations when engaging in litigation in Egypt.